Charles Babbage, the son of Benjamin Jr. and Elizabeth Babbage was born on 26 December, 1791.
He was an English mathematician, inventor, mechanical engineer, and philosopher.
His fame came from coming up with the idea of a programmable machine, capable of making mathematical calculations. He is considered by many and referred to as the “father of computing” since the machines he conceptualised and created were essentially the one of the first mechanical computers, and some of the concepts from his machines serves as the basis for most, if not all modern computers.
Charles Babbage’s father was a wealthy man and it allowed Charles to attend several elite schools for his elementary education. However, around the age of 8, Charles contracted a fever which was diagnosed as life threatening and because of this he was sent to a country school to recover. He later attended King Edward VI Grammar School in Totnes in South Devon, although he had to revert back to private tutors for some time due to his continuing poor health.
At some point later, he joined a 30-student academy in Middlesex managed by Stephen Freeman, and it was here where Charles found his love for mathematics as the academy had a large library, enabling Charles to use it to study mathematics on his own. After leaving the academy, he had two more tutors, one of whom was from Oxford and taught Charles about classic mathematics so that he could be accepted into Cambridge.
|1810||Went to Trinity College, Cambridge|
|1814||Married Georgina Whitmore|
|1816||Elected a Fellow of the Royal Society and founded the Astronomical Society
(now Royal Astronomical Society)
|1821||Began work on the Difference Engine|
|1828||Appointed to the Lucasian Chair of Mathematics at Cambridge|
|1831||Founded the British Association for the Advancement of Science
(now British Science Association)
|1832||Portion of Difference Engine completed, work on Difference Engine stopped|
|1833||Conceived idea and began work on Analytical Engine|
|1834||Founded the Statistical Society of London
(now The Royal Statistical Society)
|1871||Died (aged 79)|