Grace Hopper was born and raiesed in New York City. Grace was the oldest sibling from a family of three children. Walter Fletcher Murray and Mary Campbell Van Horne, her parents, were of Dutch and Scottish descent. Her great-grandfather, Alexander Wilson Russell was an admiral in the US Navy who fought in the Battle of Mobile Bay during the Civil War.
Grace was very curious as a child, a lifelong trait: at the age of seven she decided to determine how an alarm clock worked, and dismantled seven alarm clocks before her mother realized what she was doing which resulted in limiting Grace to only one clock. For Grace's preparatory school education, she attended the Hartridge School in Plainfield, New Jersey. Rejected for early admission to Vassar College at age 16 due to her test scores in latin being too low, she was admitted the following year. She graduated Phi Beta Kappa from Vassar in 1928 with a bachelor's degree in mathematics and physics and earned her master's degree at Yale University in 1930.
In 1934, Grace earned her Ph.D. in mathematics from Yale under the direction of Oystein Ore. Her dissertation, New Types of Irreducibility Criteria, was published that same year. Hopper began teaching mathematics at Vassar in 1931, and was promoted to associate professor in 1941.
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|1969||Hopper was awarded the inaugural Computer Sciences Man of the Year award from the Data Processing Management Association.|
|1971||The annual Grace Murray Hopper Award for Outstanding Young Computer Professionals was established in 1971 by the Association for Computing Machinery.|
|1973||First American and the first woman of any nationality to be made a Distinguished Fellow of the British Computer Society.|
|1982||American Association of University Women Achievement Award and an Honorary Doctor of Science from Marquette University.|
|1985||Honorary Doctor of Letters from Western New England College (now Western New England University).|
|1986||Upon her retirement, she received the Defense Distinguished Service Medal.|
|1987||The first Computer History Museum Fellow Award Recipient "for contributions to the development of programming languages, for standardization efforts, and for lifelong naval service."|
|1988||Golden Gavel Award at the Toastmasters International convention in Washington, DC.|
|1991||National Medal of Technology.|
|1991||Elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.|
|1996||USS Hopper (DDG-70) was launched. Nicknamed Amazing Grace, it is on a very short list of U.S. military vessels named after women.|
|2001||Eavan Boland wrote a poem dedicated to Grace Hopper titled "Code" in her 2001 release Against Love Poetry|
|2001||The Gracies, the Government Technology Leadership Award were named in her honor.|
|2009||The Department of Energy's National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center named its flagship system "Hopper".|
|2009||Office of Naval Intelligence creates the Grace Hopper Information Services Center.|
|2013||Google made the Google Doodle for Hopper's 107th birthday an animation of her sitting at a computer, using COBOL to print out her age. At the end of the animation, a moth flies out of the computer.|